DPR Korea Needs and Priorities 2019

Other | Rev: 1.0
(c) OCHA
Total population
25m
People in need
10.9m
People targeted
3.8m
Requirements ($)
Funding coverage (%)
Unmet ($)

2019 DPR Korea Needs and Priorities

The Humanitarian Country Team in DPRK released the 2019 Needs and Priorities Plan to call for US$120 million to urgently provide life-saving aid to 3.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Humanitarian operations in DPRK are a critical lifeline for millions of people who are in a protracted cycle of humanitarian need. An estimated 11 million people in DPRK lack sufficient nutritious food, clean drinking water or access to basic services like health and sanitation. Widespread undernutrition threatens an entire generation of children, with one in five children stunted due to chronic undernutrition. Coupled with limited healthcare and a lack of access to safe water and sanitation and hygiene services, children are also at risk of dying from curable diseases. Most concerning is that the overall food production in 2018 was more than 9 per cent lower than 2017 and was the lowest production in more than a decade.

Humanitarian profile by sector

ID: CLFSC/BF1

Humanitarian profile by sector

SectorIn NeedTargeted %Targeted
Food Security
10,900,000
12.9%
1,403,769
Health
8,952,072
23.6%
2,111,667
Nutrition
10,382,870
22.0%
2,282,276
WASH
9,920,000
3.3%
322,986

Strategic Objectives

  • 1

    Improving Food Security and Nutrition: Improve the nutritional status of the most vulnerable people using an integrated and multi-sectoral approach that includes improved food security, as well as screening, referral and treatment for malnutrition. Partners will work to ensure that under-five children and pregnant and lactating women in particular have access to sufficient nutritious food, and that acutely undernourished children are effectively treated with therapeutic food and supported through optimal infant and young child feeding practices.
  • 2

    Access to Basic Services : Reduce preventable mortality and morbidity through increased access to health, water, sanitation and hygiene services. Partners will ensure that the most vulnerable people, especially children, women, people with disabilities and the elderly have access to basic health services such as: maternal and child health, immunizations; essential medicines and commodities; diagnostic and treatment services for communicable and non-communicable diseases; early interventions for people with disabilities and improved disease surveillance . Access to safe drinking water, as well as sanitation and hygiene services will be improved, and good hygiene and sanitation practices promoted.
  • 3

    Strengthen Resilience to Recurrent Disasters: Build resilience of communities to recurrent disasters, particularly floods and drought. Partners will ensure that life-saving assistance meets the different needs of those most affected by disasters and that the Government and communities have the capacity to prepare for, respond to, and recover from shocks.

Sector overview and funding status

SectorPartnersProjectsFundingFunding coverageRequired
Food Security
88$1.2m
 
$28.5m
Health
67$100k
 
$32.2m
Nutrition
33$17.4m
 
$50.5m
WASH
55$0.6m
 
$9.2m

For an overview of funding by donor, please see FTS here: https://fts.unocha.org/appeals/717/donors.

Access and monitoring

UN agencies and INGOs rigorously monitor humanitarian activities and programmes to ensure aid reaches the most vulnerable people and isn’t diverted. Monitoring is conducted by international and national staff and includes regular visits to households as well as project sites including cooperative farms, fortified food production factories, warehouses, public distribution centres, health facilities, nurseries and kindergartens. In 2018, 1,855 project site visits were conducted over 854 monitoring days by UN agencies and INGOs, covering all provinces in the country.

Monitoring involves technical and observational visits, as well as interviews with supported households and project participants. International staff monitor the procurement, dispatch and distribution of the supplies to planned intervention sites to ensure the distribution and proper utilization of supplies together with local authorities. Regular data collection through field monitoring is consolidated and formulated into recommendations used for discussions with national, provincial and county authorities to ensure that coordination and implementation of the interventions are as planned.

Humanitarian agencies also often monitor projects which have been completed in the previous years to make sure that the improvements remain sustainable and that goods and equipment are still being used for their intended purpose. While field access continues to depend on authorizations by the Government, in the last year, agencies have not been prevented from monitoring their projects.

As of 2018, humanitarian agencies in DPRK have access for international staff to all 11 provinces in the country. Jagang Province remains a restricted area and only two agencies having permission from the Government to operate in the province, with specific access and monitoring arrangements.